o The National Human Rights Commission of Korea conducted a research on hate-speech in Korea and measures for regulation.
o Since 2010, the issue of hate-speech started to receive social attention and hate-expression online is the most notable example of hate speech. It is ofter referred to as ‘murdering one’s soul’. Hate speech means a speech which attack a person or group on the basis of attributes such as gender, ethnic origin, religion, race, disability, or sexual orientation. Researchers categorized types of hate speech as discriminatory harassment, discrimination, open contempt and threat, and incitement to hatred.
o The research is first of its kind to be conducted in Korea in relation to hate speech, and researchers conducted survey, interview and online analysis. 1014 cases were surveyed in order to identify prevalence of hate speech in Korea. In addition, interview with women, sexual minorities, persons with disabilities, and migrants were conducted to find out types and impact of hate speech. Moreover, in consideration of the uniqueness of online in the modern society, hate speech online was analyzed separately.
o Victims of hate speech were excluded from social life because of prejudice and stigma and felt fear and sorrow. They were suffering from various diseases including suicide attempt, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder.
o Under these circumstances, some people are calling for enactment of an act to regulate hate speech, while others worry that such act might go against freedom of expression. Researchers believe that in addition to enactment of an act, a social environment where hate speech cannot take root has to be established in order to fundamentally resolve this issue.
o Based on the result of the research and opinion from experts, the NHRCK will devise measures for prevention of hate speech.